The "Nicolae Balcescu" Land Forces Academy Sibiu is a public higher military education institution integrated within the national education system, with university autonomy guaranteed by law and with legal personality, able to organize and develop accredited bachelor and master programmes and build up commissioned leaders for the Romanian Land Forces as well as for other beneficiaries from the national defence, public order and national security system.
The institution got its legal status as Higher Education Institution through the foundation documents, G.D no. 190/1991 modified by G.D. no. 616/1995 regarding the transformation of the officers’ military school in military education institute. In 2010 the "Nicolae Balcescu" Land Forces Academy Sibiu was subject to an external institutional evaluation, conducted by the Romanian Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education, which accredited all bachelor and master study programmes and rated LFA Sibiu as “University of Highest Confidence”.
After the 2011 national evaluation, the "Nicolae Balcescu" Land Forces Academy Sibiu was classified as Teaching and Scientific Research University (“B” category) by the Ministry of Education Research Youth and Sports Order no. 5262/2011 regarding the university classification.